Chiropractic has come a long way since its beginnings over 100 years ago and is now a modern health care profession that provides therapy for many common musculoskeletal conditions such as back pain, neck pain, headaches, sciatica, joint problems, sprains, strains, osteoarthritis, and herniated (or prolapsed) discs. A chiropractor may utilise a variety of manual therapies, including spinal manipulation, spinaldistraction (Cox Technic), non-surgical spinal decompression, joint mobilisations and muscular / soft tissue techniques to improve function and provide pain relief for patients. Complimentary treatments such as over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications, heat and ice may also be recommended by a chiropractor to assist with the management of some conditions.
A defining characteristic of the chiropractic approach is the assessment and treatment of the body as a whole rather than as a single region. Evidence based chiropractors do not limit their treatments to manipulation alone and will commonly incorporate postural and exercise programs as part of their treatment approach.
In some cases, there are conditions that cannot be treated conservatively and in these circumstances, a chiropractor is specifically trained to recognize and refer clients to the most appropriate care.